The Insecticide Resistance Action Committee published – Mode of Action (MOA) Classification Brochure 7th Edition, Version 7.2.
IRAC Mode of Action (MOA) Classification Scheme, Version 10.3.
IRAC Poster Edition 10.4, December 2022. Based on the Mode of Action (MOA) Classification Version 10.4
Nematicide MoA Classification Version 2.1
- Sub-group 3B: DDT is no longer used in agriculture and therefore this is only applicable for the control of insect vectors of human disease, such as mosquitoes, because of a lack of alternatives.
- Sub-group10A: Hexythiazox is grouped with Clofentezine because they exhibit cross-resistance even though they are structurally distinct. Diflovidazin has been added to this group because it is a close analog of Clofentezine and is expected to have the same mode of action.
- Group 20: While there is strong evidence that Bifenazate acts on the Qo site of Mitochondrial Complex III and some Bifenazate resistance mutations confer cross-resistance to Acequinocyl, the sites of action of Fluacrypyrim and Hydramethylnon have not been determined.
- Groups 26 and 27 are unassigned.