- The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is ranked as the first in the country in terms of number of medical biotechnology patents, followed by Hindustan Lever and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT).
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has been ranked first in the Nature Ranking Index-2020. The rankings are based on total research output which the institutions have carried out from December 01, 2018, to 30th November 2019. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, has been ranked second.
- CSIR-New Delhi has achieved the top position with 142 counts (C) and a share percentage (SP) of 87.74.
- About 4600 scientists are actively involved in CSIR’s 38 laboratories across the country, supported by about 8000 scientific and technical personnel.
- The institute works in various disciplines and fields of science and technology including radio and space physics, ocean science, geophysics, chemistry, medicine, genomics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, mining, aeronautics, equipment manufacturing, environmental engineering and information technology.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is ranked as the first in the country in terms of a number of medical biotechnology patents, followed by Hindustan Lever and Department of Biotechnology (DBT).
No Indian organisation ranked close to the top 25 global entities in terms of output in the field, according to a report on Research Landscape and Performance Benchmarking in Biotechnology, a study commissioned by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, and conducted by Elsevier.
The CSIR ranked first in the country with 333 patent families, Hindustan Lever ranked second with 99 patent families, followed by the Department of Biotechnology, with 90 patent families in medical biotechnology. Biocon with 61 patent families, Dr Reddy’s Laboratories with 56, Eli Lilly with 47, Unilever with 46 and the Indian Institute of Technology with 46 patent families are the other major players in the medical biotechnology patenting in the country.
A patent family is a collection of patent applications covering the same or similar technical content.
Cadila Healthcare Ltd has 42 patent families, Avesthagen has 38 and Sun Pharmaceutical and Lupin have 38 and 35 patent families respectively. The other major firms which have more than 20 patent families include Panacea Biotech Ltd (35), Piramal Enterprises Ltd (33), Reliance Life Sciences Pvt Ltd (32), Wockhardt Ltd (31), National Institute of Immunology (30), Serum Institute of India (27), Bharat Biotech International (27) and Indian Institute of Science (26).
Globally, the medical biotechnology segment is much less dominated by organisations from Asia, with multiple US universities taking their share in the top spots. However, the Chinese Academy of Sciences ranked first with 3,512 patent families, almost 800 more than the University of California System in second place with 2,711 patent families, Shanghai Bode Gene Development third with 2,519 patent families applied between 1999 and 2002 followed by F.Hoffmann-La-Roche (2,396), GlaxoSmithKline (2,052), Novartis (2,023), Bayer Healthcare (1,991), Sanofi (1,933), US HHS (1,611) and CNRS (1,572).
In terms of research publications, globally, India ranks fourth based on the number of biotechnology publications, after the United States, China and Japan. Across agricultural, environmental, industrial and medical biotechnology, during the period between 1999 and 2018, India produced 38,595 of the 5,02,336 global biotechnology publications, accounting for 7.7 per cent of the global scholarly output over the period. India’s contribution to the field has been growing overtime; its annual growth rate of publications was 10.6 per cent, which is faster than the 6.4 per cent overall rate for the field. India’s growth was not only in terms of publications, but also citation impact and international collaboration.
Global research publications have grown from 11,611 publications in 1999 to 38,040 in 2018, with a compound annual growth rate of 6.4 per cent. This represents faster growth than the rate for total research output, which was 5.1 per cent over the period. There is an acceleration in publication growth in the second half of the decade.
The proportion of biotechnology publications globally, belonging to medical biotechnology accounts for most biotechnology publications and has been increasing over time, from around one third (35.6 per cent) of biotechnology publications in 1999 to nearly half (46.8 per cent) of all biotechnology publications in 2018, it said.
Institutes such as University of Delhi, the Banaras Hindu University and the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, which each published more than or close to 700 biotechnology publications in the 1999-2018 period. In terms of biotechnology sub fields, relative to the global distribution of publications, India appears to specialise in agricultural biotechnology preferentially with a subject share well above the global average. However, India’s publications in this sub field remain limited at around five per cent of India’s biotechnology publications and tend to present relatively low levels of citation impact and excellence, in line with global trends for the sub field.
List of CSIR Research Labs!
CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 National Research Laboratories which cover a wide spectrum of science and technology.
In 1943, CSIR approved the proposal to establish first five national laboratories – the National Chemical Laboratory, the National Physical Laboratory, the Fuel Research Station, and the Glass and Ceramics Research Institute. And, the target of developing these CSIR Research laboratories was accomplished in 1950.
|S.No.||Name of the CSIR Lab||Research Area|
|1.||Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute (AMPRI), Bhopal||Ø Light Weight Metallic Materials
Ø Smart & Functional Material
Ø Integrated Approach for Design & Product Development
Ø Radiation Shielding & Cement Free Concrete
Ø WRM & Rural Technologies
Ø Advanced Construction Material
|Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), Roorkee||Building Construction
|Cellular Molecular Biology|
|4.||Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow||Drug Research and Development|
|5.||Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi||Electrochemical Science and Technology|
|6.||Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI), Pilani||Advanced Electronic Systems
Advanced Semiconductor Electronics
Microwave Tubes Advanced Electronic Systems
Advanced Semiconductor Electronics
|7.||Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore||Food Science and Technology|
|8.||Central Glass Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI), Kolkata||Glass and Ceramics Technology|
|Central Institute of Medicinal Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), Lucknow
Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad
Genetics and Plant Bleeding
Coal and Minerals
|11.||Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai||Global Leadership
|12.||Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur||Robotics & Mechatronics
Embedded Systems & Electronics
Energy & Process Plant
Advanced Materials Processing
Chemistry & Biomimetics
Mechanical Design & Manufacturing Technology
Rapid Prototyping & Tooling
Farm Machinery & Post Harvest Technology
Life Enhancement Studies (RLA)
Chemistry & Biomimetics
|13.||Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), New Delhi||Bridge Engineering and Structures
Traffic Engineering & Safety
|14.||Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO), Chandigarh||Agrionics
Optical Devices & Systems
Advanced Materials & Sensors
Precision Mechanical Systems
Ubiquitous Analytical Techniques
|15.||Central Salt Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSMCRI), Bhavnagar||Salt and Marine Chemicals
Inorganic Materials and Catalysis
Electro Membrane Processes
Marine Biotechnology and Ecology
Reverse Osmosis Engineering
|CSIR Fourth Paradigm Institute (CFPI), Bengaluru
Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi
|Carbon Cycle and Ocean Modelling
Climate and Environmental Modelling
High-Performance Computing and Cyber security
Multiscale Modeling and Simulation
Solid Earth Modelling
Genomics and Molecular Medicine
Respiratory Disease Biology
Genome Informatics and Structural Biology
Energy and Environmental Biotechnology
Chemical & Systems Biology
|18.||Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT), Palampur||High Altitude Biology
Food and Nutraceuticals
Agrotechnology of Medicinal, Aromatic and Commercially Important Plants
Natural Product Chemistry and Process Development
|19.||Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata||Biomedical Research|
|20.||Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad||Analytical & Molecular Modeling
Chemical Processes and Industrial Engineering
Energy and Material
Health & Agrochemicals
|21||Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (IIIM), Jammu||Natural Products Chemistry (Plants)
Natural Products Chemistry (Microbes)
Clinical Microbiology Division
PK-PD and Toxicology
Formulation and Drug Delivery
Biodiversity and Applied Botany
Genetics Resources and Agrotechnology
|22.||Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Dehradun||Analytical Sciences
Automotive Fuel and Lubricant Application Division
Catalytic Conversion Processes
Tribology & Combustion
|23.||Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR), Lucknow||Nanotherapeutics & Nanomaterial Toxicology
Food, Drug & Chemical Toxicology
Systems Toxicology & Health Risk Assessment
|24.||Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology(IMMT), Bhubaneswar||Advanced Materials Technology
Design & Project Engineering
Central Characterization Cell
Colloids & Material Chemistry
Design & Project Engineering
Environmental & Sustainability
Hydro & Electrometallurgy
|Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTech), Chandigarh||Exploration of Microbial Biodiversity
Protein Science and Engineering
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Biosensors and Nanotechnology
|26.||National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bangalore||Advanced Composites
Aerospace Electronics and Systems
Civil Aircraft Design & Development
Computational and Theoretical Fluid Dynamics
Societal Missions and Special Technologies
Flight Mechanics & Control
Micro Air Vehicle
National Trisonic Aerodynamics
|27.||National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow||Botanic Garden and Distant Research
Plan Ecology and Environment Science
Plant Microbe Interaction and Pharmacogonosy
Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium
Genetics and Molecular Biology
|28.||National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune||Analytical Chemistry & Materials Characterization
Bio-chemical and biological sciences
Energy & Environmental Engineering
Industrial catalysis and catalytic processes
Material Science and Engineering
Organic Synthesis and Technology
Mathematical & Computational Modelling
|29.||National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur||Air Pollution Control
Cleaner Technology & Modelling
Environmental Biotechnology and Genomics
Environmental Impact & Risk Assessment
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
Water Technology and Management
Waste Water Technology
|30.||North – East Institute of Science and Technology (NEIST), Jorhat||Biological Sciences & Technology
Chemical Sciences and Technology
Engineering Sciences and Technology
Geo Sciences and Technology
Materials Sciences and Technology
|31.||National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), Hyderabad||Engineering Geophysics
|32.||National Institute For Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (NIIST),Thiruvananthapuram||Agro-Processing and Technology
Microbial Processes and Technology
Chemical Sciences and Technology
Materials Science and Technology
|33.||National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa||Biological Oceanography
|34.||National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR), New Delhi||Communication in Science & Technology|
|35.||National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS), New Delhi||Science and Technology Policy Research|
|36.||National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur||Mineral Processing
Applied & Analytical Chemistry
Energy & Environment
|37.||National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi||Physics based Research and Development|
|38.||Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), Chennai||Structural Concrete Engineering & Technology
Sustainable Materials and Composites & retrofitting/Rehabilitation of Structures
Computational Structural Mechanics for Analysis and Design, Modelling Simulation & Software Development
Transmission line towers, Metal Structure Bahaviour and Fatigue and Fracture
Structural Health Monitoring and Evaluation & Forensic Analysis
Wind Engineering and Earthquake Engineering
Apart from these laboratories, there are 5 more CSIR-Units which offer opportunities to the selected candidates.
These are –
CSIR-UNIT: Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD), New Delhi
CSIR-UNIT: Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), New Delhi
CSIR-UNIT: Translational Research and Innovative Science ThRough Ayurveda (TRISUTRA), New Delhi
CSIR-UNIT: Human Resource Development Centre (HRDC), Ghaziabad
CSIR-UNIT: Unit for Research and Development of Information Products (URDIP), Pune.
The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas, is a contemporary R&D organization. CSIR has a dynamic network of 37 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 Innovation Complexes, and five units with a pan-India presence. CSIR’s R&D expertise and experience are embodied in about 3460 active scientists supported by about 4350 scientific and technical personnel as of June 2021.
CSIR covers a wide spectrum of science and technology – from oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology. It provides significant technological intervention in many areas concerning societal efforts, which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, farm and non-farm sectors. Further, CSIR’s role in S&T human resource development is noteworthy.
Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains. CSIR filed about 225 Indian patents and 250 foreign patents per year during 2015-20. CSIR has a patent portfolio of 1,132 unique patents in force, out of which 140 patents have been commercialized. CSIR also has 2,587 in force patents granted abroad in multiple countries. Amongst its peers in publicly funded research organizations globally, CSIR is a leader in filing and securing patents worldwide.
CSIR has pursued cutting edge science and advanced knowledge frontiers. In 2019, CSIR published 5009 papers in SCI Journals with an average impact factor per paper of 3.714.
CSIR has operationalized desired mechanisms to boost entrepreneurship, which could lead to enhanced creation and commercialization of radical and disruptive innovations, underpinning the development of new economic sectors.
CSIR has put in place CSIR@80: Vision & Strategy 2022 – New CSIR for New India. CSIR’s mission is “to build a new CSIR for a new India”, and CSIR’s vision is to “Pursue science which strives for global impact, the technology that enables innovation-driven industry and nurtures trans-disciplinary leadership thereby catalyzing inclusive economic development for the people of India”.
CSIR is ranked 37th among 1587 government institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global government institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2021. CSIR holds the 7th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position
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