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The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) ranked first in number of medical biotechnology patents in the country.

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  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is ranked as the first in the country in terms of number of medical biotechnology patents, followed by Hindustan Lever and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT).
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has been ranked first in the Nature Ranking Index-2020. The rankings are based on total research output which the institutions have carried out from December 01, 2018, to 30th November 2019. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, has been ranked second.
  • CSIR-New Delhi has achieved the top position with 142 counts (C) and a share percentage (SP) of 87.74.
  • About 4600 scientists are actively involved in CSIR’s 38 laboratories across the country, supported by about 8000 scientific and technical personnel.
  • The institute works in various disciplines and fields of science and technology including radio and space physics, ocean science, geophysics, chemistry, medicine, genomics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, mining, aeronautics, equipment manufacturing, environmental engineering and information technology.


The, Council, Scientific, Industrial, Research, Ranked, First, Medical, Biotechnology, Patents, Country, Science, Technology,

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) ranked first in number of medical biotechnology patents in the country.

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is ranked as the first in the country in terms of a number of medical biotechnology patents, followed by Hindustan Lever and Department of Biotechnology (DBT).

No Indian organisation ranked close to the top 25 global entities in terms of output in the field, according to a report on Research Landscape and Performance Benchmarking in Biotechnology, a study commissioned by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, and conducted by Elsevier.

The CSIR ranked first in the country with 333 patent families, Hindustan Lever ranked second with 99 patent families, followed by the Department of Biotechnology, with 90 patent families in medical biotechnology. Biocon with 61 patent families, Dr Reddy’s Laboratories with 56, Eli Lilly with 47, Unilever with 46 and the Indian Institute of Technology with 46 patent families are the other major players in the medical biotechnology patenting in the country.

A patent family is a collection of patent applications covering the same or similar technical content.

Cadila Healthcare Ltd has 42 patent families, Avesthagen has 38 and Sun Pharmaceutical and Lupin have 38 and 35 patent families respectively. The other major firms which have more than 20 patent families include Panacea Biotech Ltd (35), Piramal Enterprises Ltd (33), Reliance Life Sciences Pvt Ltd (32), Wockhardt Ltd (31), National Institute of Immunology (30), Serum Institute of India (27), Bharat Biotech International (27) and Indian Institute of Science (26).

Globally, the medical biotechnology segment is much less dominated by organisations from Asia, with multiple US universities taking their share in the top spots. However, the Chinese Academy of Sciences ranked first with 3,512 patent families, almost 800 more than the University of California System in second place with 2,711 patent families, Shanghai Bode Gene Development third with 2,519 patent families applied between 1999 and 2002 followed by F.Hoffmann-La-Roche (2,396), GlaxoSmithKline (2,052), Novartis (2,023), Bayer Healthcare (1,991), Sanofi (1,933), US HHS (1,611) and CNRS (1,572).

In terms of research publications, globally, India ranks fourth based on the number of biotechnology publications, after the United States, China and Japan. Across agricultural, environmental, industrial and medical biotechnology, during the period between 1999 and 2018, India produced 38,595 of the 5,02,336 global biotechnology publications, accounting for 7.7 per cent of the global scholarly output over the period. India’s contribution to the field has been growing overtime; its annual growth rate of publications was 10.6 per cent, which is faster than the 6.4 per cent overall rate for the field. India’s growth was not only in terms of publications, but also citation impact and international collaboration.

Global research publications have grown from 11,611 publications in 1999 to 38,040 in 2018, with a compound annual growth rate of 6.4 per cent. This represents faster growth than the rate for total research output, which was 5.1 per cent over the period. There is an acceleration in publication growth in the second half of the decade.

The proportion of biotechnology publications globally, belonging to medical biotechnology accounts for most biotechnology publications and has been increasing over time, from around one third (35.6 per cent) of biotechnology publications in 1999 to nearly half (46.8 per cent) of all biotechnology publications in 2018, it said.

Institutes such as University of Delhi, the Banaras Hindu University and the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, which each published more than or close to 700 biotechnology publications in the 1999-2018 period. In terms of biotechnology sub fields, relative to the global distribution of publications, India appears to specialise in agricultural biotechnology preferentially with a subject share well above the global average. However, India’s publications in this sub field remain limited at around five per cent of India’s biotechnology publications and tend to present relatively low levels of citation impact and excellence, in line with global trends for the sub field.

List of CSIR Research Labs!

CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 National Research Laboratories which cover a wide spectrum of science and technology.

In 1943, CSIR approved the proposal to establish first five national laboratories – the National Chemical Laboratory, the National Physical Laboratory, the Fuel Research Station, and the Glass and Ceramics Research Institute. And, the target of developing these CSIR Research laboratories was accomplished in 1950.

S.No. Name of the CSIR Lab   Research Area
1. Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute (AMPRI), Bhopal Ø  Light Weight Metallic Materials

Ø  Smart & Functional Material

Ø  Integrated Approach for Design & Product Development

Ø  Radiation Shielding & Cement Free Concrete

Ø  WRM & Rural Technologies

Ø  Advanced Construction Material





Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), Roorkee Building Construction


Habitat Planning


Centre for Cellular Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad
Cellular Molecular Biology
4. Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow Drug Research and Development
5. Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi Electrochemical Science and Technology
6. Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI), Pilani Advanced Electronic Systems

Advanced Semiconductor Electronics

Microwave Tubes Advanced Electronic Systems

Advanced Semiconductor Electronics

Microwave Tubes

7. Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore Food Science and Technology
8. Central Glass Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI), Kolkata Glass and Ceramics Technology








Central Institute of Medicinal Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), Lucknow





Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad



Chemical Science

Crop Protection

Genetics and Plant Bleeding

Plant Biology

Coal and Minerals

11. Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai Global Leadership

Financial Sustainability


12. Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur Robotics & Mechatronics

Embedded Systems & Electronics

Energy & Process Plant

Advanced Materials Processing

Chemistry & Biomimetics

Mechanical Design & Manufacturing Technology

Rapid Prototyping & Tooling

Farm Machinery & Post Harvest Technology

Life Enhancement Studies (RLA)


Chemistry & Biomimetics



13. Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), New Delhi Bridge Engineering and Structures

Environmental Science

Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical Engineering

Flexible Pavements

Pavement Evaluation

Rigid Pavements

Traffic Engineering & Safety


14. Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO), Chandigarh Agrionics

Biomedical Instrumentation

Optical Devices & Systems

Advanced Materials & Sensors

Precision Mechanical Systems

Ubiquitous Analytical Techniques

Computational Instrumentation

15. Central Salt Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSMCRI), Bhavnagar Salt and Marine Chemicals

Inorganic Materials and Catalysis

Electro Membrane Processes

Marine Biotechnology and Ecology

Reverse Osmosis Engineering

Wasteland Research

Analytical Sciences











CSIR Fourth Paradigm Institute (CFPI), Bengaluru






Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi

Carbon Cycle and Ocean Modelling

Climate and Environmental Modelling

Computational Mechanics

High-Performance Computing and Cyber security

Multiscale Modeling and Simulation

Solid Earth Modelling

Genomics and Molecular Medicine

Respiratory Disease Biology

Genome Informatics and Structural Biology

Energy and Environmental Biotechnology

Chemical & Systems Biology



18. Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT), Palampur High Altitude Biology


Food and Nutraceuticals

Agrotechnology of Medicinal, Aromatic and Commercially Important Plants

Natural Product Chemistry and Process Development

19. Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata Biomedical Research
20. Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad Analytical & Molecular Modeling

Chemical Processes and Industrial Engineering

Energy and Material

Health & Agrochemicals


21 Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (IIIM), Jammu Natural Products Chemistry (Plants)

Fermentation Technology

Natural Products Chemistry (Microbes)

Microbial Biotechnology

Medicinal Chemistry

Clinical Microbiology Division

Bio-Organic Chemistry

Systems Biology

Discovery Informatics

Cancer Pharmacology


Inflammation Pharmacology

Chemical Engineering

PK-PD and Toxicology

Plant Biotechnology

Formulation and Drug Delivery

Biodiversity and Applied Botany

Genetics Resources and Agrotechnology


22. Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Dehradun  Analytical Sciences

Automotive Fuel and Lubricant Application Division

Bio Fuels

Catalytic Conversion Processes

Chemical Sciences

Separation Processes

Tribology & Combustion

23. Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR), Lucknow Nanotherapeutics & Nanomaterial Toxicology

Environmental Toxicology

Food, Drug & Chemical Toxicology

Regulatory Toxicology

Systems Toxicology & Health Risk Assessment

24. Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology(IMMT), Bhubaneswar Advanced Materials Technology

Design & Project Engineering

Central Characterization Cell

Colloids & Material Chemistry

Design & Project Engineering

Environmental & Sustainability

Hydro & Electrometallurgy



Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTech), Chandigarh Exploration of Microbial Biodiversity

Protein Science and Engineering

Genetics and Molecular Biology

Biochemical Engineering


Biosensors and Nanotechnology


26. National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bangalore Advanced Composites

Aerospace Electronics and Systems

Civil Aircraft Design & Development


Computational and Theoretical Fluid Dynamics

Societal Missions and Special Technologies

Experimental Aerodynamics

Flight Mechanics & Control

Micro Air Vehicle

Materials Science

National Trisonic Aerodynamics


Surface Engineering

Structural Technologies


27. National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow Botanic Garden and Distant Research

Plan Ecology and Environment Science

Plant Microbe Interaction and Pharmacogonosy

Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium

Genetics and Molecular Biology

28. National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune Analytical Chemistry & Materials Characterization

Bio-chemical and biological sciences

Energy & Environmental Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Industrial catalysis and catalytic processes

Material Science and Engineering

Organic Synthesis and Technology

Mathematical & Computational Modelling


29. National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur Air Pollution Control

Climate Change

Cleaner Technology & Modelling

Environmental Biotechnology and Genomics

Environmental Impact & Risk Assessment

Environment Health

Environmental Materials

Environmental Virology

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

Water Technology and Management

Waste Water Technology

30. North – East Institute of Science and Technology (NEIST), Jorhat Biological Sciences & Technology

Chemical Sciences and Technology

Engineering Sciences and Technology

Geo Sciences and Technology

Materials Sciences and Technology

31. National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), Hyderabad Engineering Geophysics


Geo dynamics

Geo environment


32. National Institute For Interdisciplinary Science and Technology  (NIIST),Thiruvananthapuram  Agro-Processing and Technology

Microbial Processes and Technology

Chemical Sciences and Technology

Materials Science and Technology

Environmental Technology

Societal Programs


33. National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa Biological Oceanography

Chemical Oceanography

Geological/Geophysical Oceanography

Physical Oceanography

Ocean Engineering

Marine Instrumentation

Marine Archeology

34. National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR), New Delhi Communication in Science & Technology
35. National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS), New Delhi Science and Technology Policy Research
36. National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur Mineral Processing

Extractive Metallurgy

Surface Engineering

Applied & Analytical Chemistry

Materials Engineering

Materials Evaluation

Energy & Environment

37. National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi Physics based Research and Development
38. Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), Chennai Structural Concrete Engineering & Technology

Sustainable Materials and Composites & retrofitting/Rehabilitation of Structures

Computational Structural Mechanics for Analysis and Design, Modelling Simulation & Software Development

Transmission line towers, Metal Structure Bahaviour and Fatigue and Fracture

Structural Health Monitoring and Evaluation & Forensic Analysis

Wind Engineering and Earthquake Engineering




Apart from these laboratories, there are 5 more CSIR-Units which offer opportunities to the selected candidates.

These are –

CSIR-UNIT: Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD), New Delhi

CSIR-UNIT: Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), New Delhi

CSIR-UNIT: Translational Research and Innovative Science ThRough Ayurveda (TRISUTRA), New Delhi

CSIR-UNIT: Human Resource Development Centre (HRDC), Ghaziabad

CSIR-UNIT: Unit for Research and Development of Information Products (URDIP), Pune.

About CSIR:

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas, is a contemporary R&D organization. CSIR has a dynamic network of 37 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 Innovation Complexes, and five units with a pan-India presence. CSIR’s R&D expertise and experience are embodied in about 3460 active scientists supported by about 4350 scientific and technical personnel as of June 2021.

CSIR covers a wide spectrum of science and technology – from oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology. It provides significant technological intervention in many areas concerning societal efforts, which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, farm and non-farm sectors. Further, CSIR’s role in S&T human resource development is noteworthy.

Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains. CSIR filed about 225 Indian patents and 250 foreign patents per year during 2015-20. CSIR has a patent portfolio of 1,132 unique patents in force, out of which 140 patents have been commercialized. CSIR also has 2,587 in force patents granted abroad in multiple countries. Amongst its peers in publicly funded research organizations globally, CSIR is a leader in filing and securing patents worldwide.

CSIR has pursued cutting edge science and advanced knowledge frontiers. In 2019, CSIR published 5009 papers in SCI Journals with an average impact factor per paper of 3.714.

CSIR has operationalized desired mechanisms to boost entrepreneurship, which could lead to enhanced creation and commercialization of radical and disruptive innovations, underpinning the development of new economic sectors.

CSIR has put in place CSIR@80: Vision & Strategy 2022 – New CSIR for New India. CSIR’s mission is “to build a new CSIR for a new India”, and CSIR’s vision is to “Pursue science which strives for global impact, the technology that enables innovation-driven industry and nurtures trans-disciplinary leadership thereby catalyzing inclusive economic development for the people of India”.

CSIR is ranked 37th among 1587 government institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global government institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2021. CSIR holds the 7th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position


SOURCE: https://www.csir.res.in/about-us/about-csir

                : https://scoop.eduncle.com/csir-research-laboratories

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