Agriculture provides livelihood to around 58% of India’s population. India’s agriculture states are producing high-quality food grains and other food goods. The Indian agriculture business is growing at a rapid rate and continues to contribute to global trade. India’s grocery and food market is the world’s sixth largest, accounting for 70% of total sales.
Indian agriculture is evolving at the same time as the country develops. Food production and consumption patterns are shifting. In India, there has been a rise in population, income, rural/urban mobility, and extension of rural per capita productivity for several years. Demand for food increased as a result of the improvement of all of these elements.
In the next 20 years, India’s per capita GDP is expected to increase by 320 %. As time passes, the trend shifts as well. Indians are consuming higher-quality foods, and the emphasis is shifting away from plant-based protein and toward animal-based protein. All thanks to enhancing obtainable incomes and quickly increasing consumer requirements. We’ve compiled a list of India’s top ten agricultural states.
Top 10 Crop Producing States in India
Here in this article, we are going to represent agricultural production in India state-wise. You can get accurate information on India’s primary crops from it. Let’s take a look at India’s top 10 agriculture states.
West Bengal is India’s major producer of food grains. Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh are noted for their rice production. It is also known for producing jute, sesamum, tobacco, and tea, in addition to rice. Rice output in West Bengal totals 146.05 lakh tonnes, with a yield of 2600 kilos per hectare. It is one among India’s rice-producing states. Mango, Litchi, Pineapple, Guava, and Orange are among the fruits grown in West Bengal.
West Bengal is abundant in food products, producing nearly all of them, including cauliflower, tomato, cucumbers, cabbage, okra, and brinja. The main crops farmed in West Bengal are rice, jute, and wheat. Chilli, Ginger, Garlic, Coriander, and Turmeric are some of the spices produced in West Bengal. West Bengal is one of India’s most productive agricultural states.
Uttar Pradesh is India’s top farming state, with considerable state-level crop production including bajra, rice, sugarcane, food grains, and many others. It ranks first among India’s wheat-producing states, ahead of Haryana, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh contains 22.5 million tonnes of wheat, and the weather is ideal for wheat production. Wheat was grown over 96 lakh hectares of land in Uttar Pradesh.
Sugarcane is the most widely grown crop in the world, and Uttar Pradesh is its major hub. Sugarcane thrives in hot, humid climates, and Uttar Pradesh is the greatest place to grow it. Sugarcane is grown on 2.17 million hectares and has a yield of 145.39 million tonnes.
Punjab is the world’s most fertile state. Punjab is the ideal place to grow wheat, sugarcane, rice, vegetables, and fruits. Punjab is also known as the Granary of India and the Breadbasket of India. Food grain production accounts for over 93% of all productive land. Wheat and paddy agriculture cover the majority of Punjab’s land. And this area expands year after year.
Gujarat is India’s fastest-growing state. This state followed a prudent development strategy. They made investments in agriculture, energy, and manufacturing, and saw double-digit growth as a result. Gujarat’s weather is unpredictable, making it difficult to grow crops there. One technique farmers might use is to use advanced management to change crop conditions in order to increase production.
Cotton, groundnut, castor, bajra, tur, green gramme, sesamum, paddy, maize, and sugarcane were all grown in Gujarat. Gujarat was the state that produced the most cotton, followed by Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Telangana. Groundnuts flourished in this area as well.
Haryana is the next farming state. Haryana is one of the most important agricultural contributors. Approximately 70% of the inhabitants work in agriculture. Haryana is a significant part of India’s Green Revolution. Haryana has a vast irrigation system as a result of all of this.
Sugarcane, paddy, wheat, and sunflower are some of Haryana’s most important crops. It is also the second largest sunflower producer in India. Haryana is also engaged in cattle farming. In India, there are 99.97 lakh livestock populations. Milk products are consumed on a regular basis in India. It is an essential diet. This is one of India’s most important agricultural states.
Madhya Pradesh is renowned for its pulses production, followed by Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. It’s also well-known for growing soybeans and garlic. Madhya Pradesh is well-known for its pulse growing. In Madhya Pradesh, farmers’ main sources of income are wheat and maize. Urad, soybean, and tur are examples of other pulses.
Because Madhya Pradesh has the most land area, it has a variety of climate and soil conditions that are ideal for a wide range of agricultural products. Madhya Pradesh’s agriculture sector is the backbone of the Indian economy. The agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh employs 65% of the workforce and accounts for 14% of the state’s GDP (Gross State Domestic Product).
In India, Assam is heavily reliant on agriculture. Assam is one of the least developed states in contrast to other states. Assam’s economy is nearly entirely focused on agricultural, and agriculture provides a living for 70% of the population. After water, tea is eaten on a regular basis all over the world.
The state of Assam is well-known for its tea production. It is India’s leading tea producer, with Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, and other North Indian states following closely behind. Nilgiri tea, Darjeeling tea, Assam tea, and Kangra tea are the most well-known forms of tea in India. Assam produced 52% of India’s total tea production.
Agriculture employs 62% of the population in Andhra Pradesh. Rice production is receiving greater attention. Andhra Pradesh is responsible for 77% of India’s crop production. Jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, tobacco, legumes, sugarcane, and other crops are also grown.
In Andhra Pradesh, horticulture is practiced on 1.5 million hectares of land. Nearly 720 thousand hectares of this designated area are utilized for fruit production.
In Karnataka, agriculture is the most important part of the entire economy. Agriculture employs the majority of the state’s inhabitants. Karnataka’s weather climate is ideal for agriculture. Rice, maize, moong dal, red chile, sugarcane, peanuts, soybean, turmeric, and cotton are the Kharif crops of Karnataka. Mustard, sesamum, barley, wheat, and peas are the Rabi crops of Karnataka. Karnataka is one of India’s top agricultural states.
The state is known for its coffee production, which accounts for 70% of all production in India. The state of Karnataka produced 222300 metric tonnes of coffee.